We always talk about the words of welcome. But greeting - is complex, it includes not only words but action!
There are three stages of welcome:
1) you notice the other person;
2) you are going to meet him;
3) you greet him.
If you walk down the street and meet a friend or acquaintance, the more likely you will show him that noticed it or try to draw attention to themselves: nod his head, waves its hand, shout something like, "Hey, Bob," "Oh! Marya! "Or another interjection with treatment. But some Indian tribes adopted at the sight of a stranger to squat until the stranger shall not come and will not notice.
Suppose you knew Bob and drew attention to you, said word or gesture. Now you go to each other. If you are close friends, then you are likely to go together quickly, maybe even running. And if it is not your friend, and the person with whom you have a large enough distance (age, social status, there is no familiarity), then chances are you will not go too fast and looked around (because in fact it is impossible to stare and stare at person, it is considered indecent).
So you were close. You said hello (of your profiles, we know how you do it) and probably exchanged gestures - embraced, kissed each other, pat on the shoulder, shook hands ... There are many special greetings with gestures that are used in certain groups of people, especially youth (eg "high-five", "fireworks", "Hallow!" etc.)
Tell me, what gestures you use when greeting peers?
In the science of language is the concept of "performative" or "word-action": this word, saying that a person performs an action (the very word). For example, I swear, I promise.
Compare the two sentences: I walk and I promise.
I walk - a description of what I do. I picked up a word that best describes my actions.
I promise - I am at this moment I do nothing (do not walk, do not jump, do not draw). The very word I promise I make a special effect - a promise. Then, later, I can say, "Sure, I'll do it, I promise!"
When we appeal to people with a greeting, we also do not do anything, just say hello. We say: Hello! Hi! Hi! And if keep silent, then do not do something important.
What do you think, why do people say hello?
First, "so it is accepted." Otherwise it will be impolite, and people would be offended. Language had prepared us a clue about how to start a conversation with a man: it is necessary to say hello. In this case one has seen greeting, public relations people are: friendly, official ...
Secondly, when we say hello, something we want to talk with and learn something. Our project - an attempt to find out what people are investing in greeting. After all, the word hello, hello - words, actions, is not it?
Many participants wrote in the survey that they find it difficult to answer the question "What is the meaning you put into greeting?".
Let's think about this as it should, but this is just very important.