Social partnership in education - one of the hallmarks of modern times. Educational organization is in such conditions that without the establishment of cooperation with various social institutions, it is impossible to survive and grow. The school should be an open system, expanding partnerships with the public. Involving students in the social and active, the conditions for adaptation, socialization and development of the child. During the primary school child learns to learn. At this time, for it becomes the most topical generation of environmental knowledge, skills, methods of action. Increases the degree of autonomy the child's interaction with the environment. Occurs during the formation of theoretical knowledge about the world. There is an opportunity to consider the theoretical and practical level of naturally occurring environmental problems. At this age a child more susceptible, close to nature, celebrated its increased curiosity and a desire to help. Experience in the development of environmental awareness, has shown that the most appropriate and effective form in elementary school, is the inclusion of younger students in project activities. Projects not only stimulate the interest of children to environmental problems and their solutions, but also allow us to establish mutually beneficial cooperation with the social partners. Consider the case of the environmental project "Hand over the battery - save the planet." In the classroom for extracurricular activities in International Earth Day - a holiday of clean water, land and air, which is celebrated on April 22 - conducted with second grade environmental workshop "Save the Green Planet". Inducer steel nature photography and environmental disasters. During group work the guys have offered their own versions of saving the planet from pollution, met with hazardous waste and the damage they cause, getting into the environment. They were especially moved by the example of used batteries. After reviewing the materials sites "Garbage is no longer" and "Hand over the battery. the Russian Federation ", the idea of environmental project called" Hand over the battery - save the planet. " We joined the eponymous All-Russia voluntary social movement, finding the first social partners. Since we live in a time when you need to think globally and act locally, then armed with the motto: "If you can not do much better to start small, than to do nothing." To start produced leaflets and containers made of plastic bottles. The children visited the management company "Evrotrakt", telling about the dangers of waste batteries and its decision to establish, together with their parents containers for the collection of used batteries in the doorways of their houses. New social partners needed to leave our containers are intact. Agreed with the principal possibility of installing such a container at the entrance to the building. Daily reporting the number of containers. All during the campaign (one month) we have found 29 containers (in the doorways of houses, shops, workplaces parents).
Formation of a responsible attitude to nature - a complex and lengthy process. Therefore, to lay the foundations of ecological culture is necessary at an early age, that is, "The right thing to be done on time." We decided to join our project students kindergarten №61. Told the children about the dangers of battery left samples classified ads. Thus, we have found new social partners. The past month have collected 577 used batteries. For battery disposal, it was decided to invite the school ekomobil. For this guys a written request to the principal to convey our letter of invitation ekomobilya to the Committee on the Environment and the Environmental Protection Agency in St. Petersburg. On the appointed day he came to our school. Each student class passed the hazardous waste collected in a container. For the guys, it was a very important and solemn moment, they are overwhelmed by a sense of pride, because ekomobil visited and our partners - kindergarten pupils. Children bring their collected batteries. All the participants received a booklet about ekomobilya parking spaces in the city, meet other hazardous waste accepted up to ekomobil. Throughout the project, we were accompanied and advised the plenipotentiary representative of the All-Russian Public Movement "For saving the people", chairman of the regional charitable organization "Promoting conservation of the people" in St. Petersburg, Valentina Bareisha. On the day of the end of the campaign, each student in our class was awarded a badge and a letter of gratitude. About our project wrote on the website and in the newspaper Ltd. "For saving people." The publication aroused great interest and response in the region. Board All-Russian Public Movement "For saving people" appreciated our involvement and gave the class flag movement. Guys are proud to be the first St. Petersburg residents who received badges and flag as a reward for their participation in environmental projects. About Us wrote on the website of voluntary social movement "Hand over the battery" under the heading "While adults are only going children are already doing" and official groups movement in social networks VKontakte and Facebook. All this gave a powerful charge to continue our project in 3rd grade. Through publications, we have found new social partners. Online shop selling gadgets and robotics ROBO.RU gave us new ekoboksy that we have established in the school and presented their partners in kindergartens №61 and №75.
Youth Board of the Government of St. Petersburg to provide information support to our project in the media. Our guests visited the TV channel "100TV". Report on the project was broadcast on urban radio and television, posted on the official website of the channel "100TV": Where to dispose of batteries and energy-saving light bulbs? Information published in the newspaper "Metro", on the website and in the daily newspaper of the Government of St. Petersburg "St. Petersburg Diary" in the local newspaper "Slav today."
In December, we summed up the project, together with its partners from kindergarten passed the used batteries in ekomobil. Thanks to our activity in the project, the Committee on Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of St. Petersburg and State Unitary Enterprise "Ekostroy" installed at the entrance to the school big beautiful ekoboks, who became for us a gift and a triumphant conclusion of the Year of Ecology. With SUE "Ekostroy" school signed a contract, finding a new social partner.
We decided to expand our cooperation and bring to a community project "Global school laboratory," the international network of research educational project by publishing it on a platform of "Global Lab." In our project proposes to conduct a study among participants from different regions, whose goal is to create a "map point at hazardous waste." We were actively joined students from other regions of Russia. Very interesting past campaigns to collect used batteries in Kazan, Kaliningrad, Novocherkassk. About our fruitful cooperation with third graders from MBOU "Gymnasium № 27 with the Tatar language of instruction" Kazan mentioned in the news on the website "Global school laboratory": Participants GlobalLab: the idea of the proper handling of hazardous waste is very contagious With the advent of the Year of Russian Culture in the project was a new development. The class held a competition for the best tale of batteries. Based on the story of the winner "Proud battery" was created 3D book: Proud Battery According to the scenario tale set pageant for kindergartens. Gaining new adherents and the social partners, extending the experience of our project, the boys proudly performed at the municipal, district and school scientific conferences. On TV "Your public television" in a live program "Forum" was a conversation about our project: Eugene Ledeneva, Valentine Bareisha visiting Arcadia Dunaeva in the "Forum" 20 May 2014 Thus, the environmental project "Hand over the battery - save the planet" is not only aroused the interest of children to environmental problems and their solutions, but also allowed to establish mutually beneficial cooperation with the social partners, combining various activities.
Looking at ordinary penlight batteries, you will always see this sign on it, which means, "Do not throw, you must pass in spetspunkt disposal".
Battery contains a variety of different metals - mercury, nickel, cadmium, lead, lithium, manganese and zinc, which tend to accumulate in living organisms, including the human body, and cause significant damage to health. How dangerous heavy metals found in batteries? Lead. Accumulating mainly in the kidney. Also causes diseases of the brain, nervous disorders. Cadmium. Accumulate in the liver, kidney, bone and thyroid gland. Is a carcinogen that is provokes cancer. Mercury. Affects the brain, nervous system, kidneys and liver. Causes nervous disorders, blurred vision, hearing, motor system disorders, diseases of the respiratory system. Most vulnerable children. Metallic mercury - poison. On the impact of mercury on the human body of the first class of danger - "extremely hazardous substances." Regardless of the route of entry into the body mercury accumulates in the kidneys. Carelessly thrown in the trash battery goes to landfill, where every summer with other waste and ignited smoldering (as in incineration plants and all lit), with clouds of smoke clouds releasing dioxins. Even minimal doses of these toxic compounds (their action in 67 000 times stronger than cyanide) humanity owes cancer and brood diseases. And poisoning, slow development and poor health of children ... Dioxins get into the body not only with smoke: rainwater they get into the soil, water and plants. Next - the chain - right to our table with food and drink. And no matter where you live - in the neighborhood of incinerator next to the dump or in a pine forest. Dioxin seven miles is not a hook. And time for such journeys they have plenty - due to the huge period of decay.
Toxic substances from the batteries anyway penetrate into the soil, groundwater, fall in with you our views and our with you reservoir from which we drink water, not thinking that harmful chemicals from your own batteries, discarded week ago garbage disposal, do not disappear with boiling, not killed - they're not microbes.
Throughout the civilized world used batteries are collected and disposed of separately from household waste. It's okay - not to poison the land with poison!
The company "Megapolisresurs" - Russia's only processor household batteries and accumulators. They take them for recycling across the country, as well as near and far abroad.
Types of recyclable batteries:
Manganese-zinc (MnZn) - the most common batteries, often referred to as alkali and alkaline.
Nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) - used in the home as an alternative to zinc-manganese batteries;
Lithium-ion (Li-ion) - used in phones, cameras, laptops, etc.;
Silver-zinc (AgZn) - used in watches and other miniature electronic devices, as well as military applications, rocket and aircraft);
Nickel-cadmium (NiCd) - are used for some models of autonomous power screwdrivers and drills, as well as electric cars, airplanes, and trolley.
Refuse batteries and accumulators, not only helps preserve the nature and reduce the emissions of heavy metals (cadmium, lead, mercury), but also allows to obtain a metal salt of iron and graphite without the use of primary resources.